QA: Deut. 6:4 Does it refer to a ‘Unity’ – or an ‘Absolute ‘One’

Q: “Is it not true that Deut’ 6:4 relates to a ‘COMPOUND UNITY’ and not to an absolute ‘ONE’ ?”.


You differ in this statement with millions of Jews, throughout history. Jews, much to their own demise,  are certainly rated amongst the most intelligent humans, as a nation,  under the sun.  It therefore is a very audacious statement from you, to overthrow in one swoop of the pen,  the very foundational statement of the Jewish Faith which claims, according to the Bible,  that GOD IS ONE – NOT A UNITY!  You also differ with Messiah Who emphasized this foundational Truth very strongly, referring to it as “the GREATEST COMMAND”.

It defies the mind how some non-Jewish people, like yourself, can accuse an entire nation of NOT understanding the elementary basics of their own language.  More so, when it comes to the BASICS of the figure/amount/concept of something as elementary as ONE.   Ask any Israeli child of even a few years old, what is the meaning of ‘echad’ (as used in Deut. 6:4) and they will tell you ‘one’ and probably stick one finger up in the air in explanation!   Yet YOU and many erudite Messianics and their teachers claim that the Jews do not understand!

The argument is also raised by some that the word ‘echad’ does not mean an absolute “one” but a compound “one.”  Dr Fruchtenbaum, an exponent of this theory, makes the following claims on a ‘Jews for Jesus’  Web Page:   “For instance, in Genesis 1:5, the combination of evening and morning comprise one (echad) day. In Genesis 2:24, a man and a woman come together in marriage and the two “shall become one (echad) flesh.”  In Ezra 2:64, we are told that the whole assembly was as one (echad), though of course, it was composed of numerous people. Ezekiel 37:17 provides a rather striking example where two sticks are combined to become one (echad). The use of the word echad in Scripture shows it to be a compound and not an absolute unity.”

This argument is based on confusion and deceit,  as is the doctrine of a Trinity.  In the examples he quotes, it is clear that ‘echad’ is still referring to an ‘absolute one’ day, one marriage couple (flesh), one assembly and one stick.  Can anyone picture in their mind two sticks, in his example?  It refers to an ‘absolute’ one stick (though made up of two).

You then, in an attempt to explain your view, set off on an exposition of the events at Sodom, when the Almighty appeared  as TWO human beings (you say):

“Is it not true that the Bible’s report in Genesis 18 & 19,  on the happenings at Sodom, declares two YHVH’s ? – “ONE” in “The Heavens”, and “ONE” on “The Earth”?